Tourism has currently been an important part of many national economies. Population share on tourism is important benchmark of the country’s living standard. Tourism development is supported by a range of factors related to Earth’s human population growth, improving its health and education, which gradually overcomes language barriers and encourages the exploration of new places, cultures and experience unusual adventures.
Protected areas are important not only because of nature conservation and landscape protection but also of attractiveness of the regions or areas in which they are situated. The article presents the experience from the Šumava/Bohemian Forest Mts.
Nature and its remarkable elements are one of the main tourism pillars. On the other hand, when fully respecting the certain rules, tourism can provide protected areas with benefits because protected areas are extremely attractive for tourism.
The general public has been sensitive to any limitation to spending leisure or holiday time in nature. In addition, every decision in this field affects many people. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the decision-making.
The article deals with some strategic aspects of the relationship between tourism and nature conservation and landscape protection in the Czech Republic.
In the Czech Republic, similarly to most of European countries, entrance fees into protected areas have not been collected by governmental authorities.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has been instrumental in coordinating global protected areas through its World Commission on Protected Areas.
At present, parts of the landscape with well preserved nature, particularly protected areas, are among sites with most rapidly developing tourism in the Czech Republic as well as globally.
For improving visitor infrastructure in the Liberec Region (North Bohemia), the key tourist routes should be improved and restored: the activities have been carried out by municipalities and co-financed from various European Community’s funds/financial mechanisms.
In 2006, the Podyjí/Thaya River Basin National Park Administration (South Moravia), in co-operation with the Institute for Environmental Studies, Faculty of Science of Charles University Prague monitored visitor attendance at the most frequently used crossroads within the National Park all the year round.