Very valuable information on state of the environment as well as background data for nature and landscape management are provided also by inconspicuous and less “attractive” insect taxa or ecological/functional groups, e.g. clearwing moths (Sesiidae) among butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera). Some of the above insects prefer remnants of natural and semi-natural habitats in the Czech Republic. Therefore, current knowledge of their bionomics can be taken into account when drafting the management plans for such sites/areas: for more details, see the article by Zdeněk Laštůvka.
The Na Špičáku Cave in the Jeseník Karst (northern Moravia) is considered to be one of the caves in Central Europe supported by written evidence for the longest period ever. Many rare epigraphic inscriptions, drawings and paintings on cave’s walls and ceiling confirm the unique history of human interest in the underground there. The most valuable cave paintings were restored by professionals during autumn 2013: it was the first activity of this type in the Czech Republic. The story is described by Petr Jenč and Vladimír Peša.
Leaving habitats to spontaneous development, i.e. natural vegetation succession has been step-by-step becoming an important part of forest habitat/stand biological diversity conservation. Despite the imperfect current knowledge, it seems that forest management termination can improve biological diversity even in forests having been used for a long time in the Central European cultural landscape. Two opinions on the topic are presented by Jeňýk Hoffmeister and Antonín Krása.
Although legislation in the Czech Republic does not recognize the term “a private protected area”, the word can be met more and more often. It is the most accurate term for nature conservation efforts in a particular site or area, for the needs to protect, conserve and manage the selected sites or areas for their natural or cultural values, carried out by a natural person or persons. How many private protected areas are currently in the Czech Republic? Where are they located and who has been establishing them? The questions above and more are answered by Pavel Pešout.
China is a country of many superlatives. It has been changing beyond recognition from a developing country to a world power and one of the key players on the global scene. Increase in standard of life has been followed by increasing pressure on nature there. Consequently, nature suffers heavily from that process. In his article, Antonín Krása presents both remarkable cultural tradition as well as some nature conservation issues in the world´s second biggest economy.