In 2000–2004, natural habitat types had been mapped across the whole Czech Republics territory to provide the Natura 2000 site identification with the background data. The process produced a whole-size habitat mapping layer (HML) having been used for fulfilling international duties, but also as an information source on habitat distribution and size for the State/Public Administration authorities, university students as well as for a lot of commercial bodies.
Although decision-making on permitting felling woody plants growing outside the forest is one of the most frequent administrative acts issued by the State Nature Conservancy authorities, some questions have not been clear yet. The basic condition under which felling can be permitted is presence of serious reasons as well as assessment of functional and aesthetical importance of the particular woody plant.
Nature conservation and landscape protection and cultural monument care have had a long and joint tradition in what is now the Czech Republic, having been lasting since the early 19thcentury. In 1991, both the sectors had been splitted: it resulted in different approaches both in their policies and in practice.
Lamačová V. et al.: Norwegian Funds Contribution to Endangered Species Action Plans/Recovery Program
Due to limited national funds available for developing and implementing endangered species action plans/recovery programmes, the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic (MoE CR) tried to raise funds from the European Economic Area/Norwegian Financial Mechanism. For that purpose, a comprehensive project entitled “Action Plans/Recovery Programmes for Specially Protected Species” had been drafted.
The Moravský kras/Moravian Karst is the most important karst area in the Czech Republic. Since 1956, it has been a Protected Landscape Area (PLA), covering 92 km2. Unique wildlife features as well as numerous archaeological, palaeontological and cultural monuments can be found there.
The Lauca National Park (NP) is located in Chile’s far north, in the Andean range near the Bolivian border. It encompasses an area of 1,379 km2of altiplano and mountains, the latter consisting mainly of enormous volcanoes. From the Park it is possible to watch the Parinacota (6,342 m), the Pomerape (6,282 m) and the Guallatiri (6,060 m) volcanoes.
As a model flagship species, the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) has become a nature conservation icon worldwide. The popular species is confined to south-central China. Currently, it occurs in portions of six isolated mountain ranges (Minshan, Qinling, Qionglai, Liangshan, Daxiangling, and Xiaoxiangling) in Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan province.
A new scheme of monitoring and research for the next decade is presented for the oldest national park in the Czech Republic – the Krkonoše/Giant Mts. NP situated in NE Bohemia, where the first truly scientific activities started already more than 200 years ago.
The Šumava/Bohemian Forest Mts. National Parks zonation has been debated since the very NPs establishing and reflects views and opinions on nature conservation principles among various groups of experts.
Compensatory measures under Article 6.4 of Council Directive 92/43/EEC (Habitats Directive) are one of the protection tools for the overall coherence of the European Communitys Natura 2000 network.