The number of species threatened with extinction due to human activities has been increasing and it is hardly possible to reverse the trend and to prevent further reduction in all endangered species numbers. It is thus necessary to set clear priorities in species protection and to select species that are necessary to be protected, e.g.through action plans.
In 1910, Ludwig Vašiček, the Czech amateur entomologist and military officer in the Austrian-Hungarian army, found a funny beetle at the Vjeternica Cave (southern Herzegovina). The insect was described as Hadesia vasicekia year later.
Jeřábková L. & Boukal D.: Live Traps – An Effective Method for Studying Amphibians and Water Beetles
For effective threatened species conservation and management, good knowledge of their distribution, population status as well as of external threats is necessary. Live traps are one of the methods which allow gathering such data on water beetles and newts.
Větrovcová J., Poledníková K., Poledník L., Beran V. & Hlaváč V.: Database of Findings of Dead Euras
The article attempts to demonstrate the importance of data collected from found dead animal carcasses giving the example of Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra). Collecting dead otters and subsequent analyses of the carcasses have started in the Czech Republic at the local level in the 1990s.
In 2000–2004, natural habitat types had been mapped across the whole Czech Republics territory to provide the Natura 2000 site identification with the background data. The process produced a whole-size habitat mapping layer (HML) having been used for fulfilling international duties, but also as an information source on habitat distribution and size for the State/Public Administration authorities, university students as well as for a lot of commercial bodies.
A new scheme of monitoring and research for the next decade is presented for the oldest national park in the Czech Republic – the Krkonoše/Giant Mts. NP situated in NE Bohemia, where the first truly scientific activities started already more than 200 years ago.
The Šumava/Bohemian Forest Mts. National Parks zonation has been debated since the very NPs establishing and reflects views and opinions on nature conservation principles among various groups of experts.
The amendment to Act No. 114/1992 Gazette on the Protection of Nature and the Landscape, namely Act No. 349/2009 Gazette has fundamentally changed ways how Sites of European Importance (pursuant to the above Act, the term for Site of Community Importance, SCI under the European Community’s Habitats Directive) are officially protected and managed in the Czech Republic.
The Menetries Ground Beetle (Carabus menetriesi) is a critically endangered member of the ground beetle (Carabidae) family. Pursuant to Directive No. 92/43/EEC on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora (Habitats Directive), it is the priority species to be protected in the European Union. At the same time, the insect species is included into the Czech Republics Red List of Threatened Species.
The Havraní skála/Rook Rock near the Village in the České Švýcarsko/Bohemian Switzerland National Pa
On June 22, 2006, a massive fire had broken out on the Havraní skála/Rook Rock in the České Švýcarsko/Bohemian Switzerland National Park. In total, 17.92 hectares of forests, consisting mostly of the Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris) with rarely dispersed Sessile Oak (Quercus petraea) and European or Common Beach (Fagus sylvatica) were burnt as well as the White Eastern Pine (Pinus trobus) plantations located on northern and north-western slopes.