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The proportion of renewable energy has been continuously increasing within the total energy production. In this respect, the greatest potential is provided by biomass energy.
Thus, planting plants as an energy source has been becoming more and more common. Nevertheless, such a planting can posse a risk for adjacent nature and the landscape. A new methodological guidance issued by the Nature Conservancy Agency of the Czech Republic (NCA CR) in 2013 aims at minimizing this risk by listing appropriate measures to be taken. In addition to providing basic information on the non-native species and hybrids most often planted for this purpose in the country (the Chinese silver grass Miscanthus sinensis, also known as the zebra grass or porcupine grass; Rumexhybrids, namely R. patientax R. tianschanicus, cv. OK-2, also known as Uteusha; Japanese poplars), it analyses impacts of their planting on individual components of nature and the landscape. The main part deals with proper procedure to be carried out by the State Nature Conservancy authorities, when assessing applications for establishing plantations for energy crops both in the individual protected areas categories and outside them, i.e. in the non-reserved landscape. The last chapter aims at steps to be taken when energy crops are illegally planted. The methodological guidance contributes to mainstreaming procedures carried out by NCA CRs regional branches in this respect.