The Banff National Park is Canadas oldest National Park and it is located in the Canadian Rocky Mountains range in the western part of the Province of Alberta. Due to its picturesque landscape, it is one of the most often visited protected areas in Canada.
Undisturbed wilderness parts can be found within the NPs territory. The large-size protected area is inhabited by carnivore populations, e.g.those of Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos horribilis), Black Bear (Ursus americanus), Grey Wolf (Canis lupus), Coyote (Canis latrans), Canadian Lynx (Lynx canadensis), Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes) or Wolverine (Gulo gulo). In the Banff National park, there are three vegetation zones – the Alpine, Subalpine and Montane Zones. Particularly the Montane Zone that is critical for large mammal winter occurrence and migration has been threatened with landscape fragmentation caused first of all by a highly frequented highway and tourist facility building.
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