Časopis vydává Agentura ochrany přírody a krajiny ČR ve spolupráci se Správou
jeskyní ČR. V tištěné podobě vychází již od roku 1946.

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Mezinárodní ochrana přírody

Ochrana přírody 6/2009 16. 12. 2009 Mezinárodní ochrana přírody Tištěná verze článku v pdf

Globální úbytek obojživelníků II.

dokončení z minulého čísla

autor: Antonín  Krása

Globální úbytek obojživelníků II.

With respect to decline in numbers and risk that the whole species become extinct, amphibians probably is the most threatened vertebrate group at present. By this time 34 amphibian species are repor­ted to have become extinct, mainly frogs.

Among them, the unique family of gastric-brooding frogs or Platypus frogs (Rheobatrachidae) which were able to rear tadpoles in their stomach should be mentioned. Amphibian extinction and decline is a worldwide problem affecting species in both developing and developed countries. There are many drivers causing the mass amphibian decline worldwide and they might amplify each others effect. Some of the causes of amphi­bian decline are similar to those for other organisms, while others are specific for amphibians. Among them, habitat fragmentation. destruction and loss is the most serious. Others include invasive alien species, hunting and collecting for human food, road traffic, the current and projected climate changes and by the disease chytridiomycosis caused by the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Decline in amphibian numbers can also be caused by environmental pollutants (humane hormones from birth control) or abandoning some landscape management practices. Many amphibian species have been protected, but only formal legislative protection is not effective. Therefore, a special attention should be paid to natural and semi-natural habitat conservation, management and restoration.

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